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Sieve Analysis Calculation and Plotting

Calculation and Plotting Tools

Sieve Analysis Calculation and Particle Size Distribution (PSD) Plots

Mechanical (or Sieve) analysis is a general term used to define the determination of the size range of particles present in soil/aggregates, expressed as a percentage of the total dry weight. Two methods are generally used to find the particle-size distribution/gradation of soils and aggregates; (a) sieve analysis—for particle sizes larger than 0.075 mm in diameter, and (b) hydrometer analysis—for particle sizes smaller than 0.075 mm in diameter.

How to use this Tool:
1. Input the project and sample details in the respective fields in the 'INPUT - PROJECT & SAMPLE DETAILS' section. The typed in information will reflect in the generated plot and/or the generated pdf report. For more guidance, please make use of the helper text provided below each input cell.
2. Input mass details of the sample in the 'MATERIALS FINER THAN THE SMALLEST SIEVE SIZE (75 MIC (ASTM)/63 MIC (EN)) BY WASHING' section as appropriate.
3. Click on 'Insert Row' button in the 'SIEVE ANALYSIS CALCULATIONS' section to add the required number of rows (corresponding to the number of sieve sizes used in the sieve analysis test) and type in the details of Sieve size and wt.passing in the first two columns.
If the results are to be compared with a reference standard specification, please input the appropriate '% Passing Upper Limits' and '% Passing Lower Limits' values in the last two columns.
4. Click on the 'Calculate & Plot' button. The tool will calculate the 'Cum Wt. Retained', 'Cum Wt. Passing' and '% Passing' and display the results in columns 3 to 5. Simultaneously a PSD plot will also be displayed in the 'PARTICLE SIZE GRADING - CHART' section.
5. The generated particle size distribution plot is interactive and can be zoomed in or out and hovered over for additional data display. The plot can be saved by using the toolbars located on the top right of each plot.
6. Click on the 'Generate Report' button to open up a pdf report in a new tab.
Note: Please make use of the help texts provided in each input cell for further guidance on the usage of this tool.

INPUT - Project & Sample Details

Please enter the Project Details to appear on the generated pdf report.

Please enter the plot title to appear on the generated particle size distribution (PSD) plot.

Please enter the plot subtitle to appear on the PSD plot.

Please enter the Sample Details to appear on the generated pdf report.

Please enter the sample name to appear on the legend section of the PSD plot.

Please enter the details of specification (AASHTO, ASTM etc.) to appear on the legend section of the PSD plot.

Please enter brief remarks to appear on the generated pdf report.

INPUT: Materials Finer Than the smallest sieve size (75 Mic (ASTM)/63 Mic (EN)) by Washing

Please enter the total dried mass of the test portion before washing

Please enter the mass of material remaining in pan after dry sieving of washed test portion.

INPUT TABLE: Sieve Analysis Calculations

Sieve Size, mm Weight Retained
Cum Wt. Retained
Cum Wt. Passing
% Passing
% Passing
Upper Limits
% Passing
Lower Limits


Mass of Test Portion/Sample before washing, g:

Mass of screened material remaining in the pan (and passing the finer most sieve) after dry sieving, g:

Percent Fines:


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The information and calculation tools provided on website (the "Service") is for general information purposes only. TransCalc assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in the contents on the Service.In no event shall TransCalc be liable for any special, direct, indirect, consequential, or incidental damages or any damages whatsoever, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other arising out of or in connection with the use of the Service or the contents of the Service. TransCalc reserves the right to make additions, deletions, or modification to the contents on the Service at any time without prior notice.